association for the advancement of industrial crops

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association for the advancement of industrial crops

an  agricultural society is any whose economy is based on producing and maintaining quality of crops and farmland. another way to define an agricultural society is by seeing how much of a nation's total production is in agriculture. in an agrarian society cultivating the land is the primary source of wealth. such a society may acknowledge other means of livelihood and work habits but stresses the importance of agriculture and farming. agrarian societies have existed in various parts of the world for long period of time. they have been the most common form of socio-economic organization and also the oldest one agrarian societies were preceded by hunter and gatherer societies and horticultural societies and transition into industrial societies. the transition to agriculture, called the neolithic revolution, has taken place independently multiple times. horticulture and agriculture as types of subsistence developed among humans somewhere between 10,000 and 8,000 years ago in the fertile crescent region of the middle east. the reasons for the development of agriculture are debated but may have included climate change and the accumulation of food surplus for competitive gift-giving. most certainly there was a gradual transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural economies after a lengthy period when some crops were deliberately planted and other foods were gathered from the wild. in addition to the emergence of farming in the fertile crescent, agriculture appeared in: by at least 6,800 b.c.e. in east asia (rice) and, later, in central and south america (maize and squash). small-scale agriculture also likely arose independently in early neolithic contexts in india (rice) and southeast asia (taro). 

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