Takayasu arteritis is a rare, systemic, most commonly affects women of childbearing age. It is a inflammatory large-vessel vasculitis disease involving inflammation in the walls of the largest arteries in the body: the aorta and its main branches. The disease results from an attack by the body's own immune system, causing inflammation in the walls of arteries.
A 35-year-old woman consulted for chest pain. Her history included hypercholesterolemia, migraine, iron deficiency anemia, benign elevated intracranial pressure diagnosed 3 years previously (by magnetic resonance angiography that showed occlusion of the left common carotid artery), and grade IV retinopathy. She was not under treatment and reported no symptoms of rheumatic disease.
Particularly these patients needing immunosuppressive drugs. Glucocorticoids (prednisone, prednisolone or others), often referred to as “steroids,” are an important part of treatment. The dose and length of treatment depend on how bad the disease is and how long the patient has had it. Lasting damage to arteries sometimes needs a vascular procedure or surgical treatment.