Homologous regions of the sex chromosomes behave like autosomes in that they undergo homologous pairing and recombination, and contain genes that escape X-inactivation. These genes are presumably required in dual dosage in both males and females.A total of 1404 patients (53.8% males) aged 0.5-17.3 years were included. Clinical conditions were as follows: GH deficiency (GHD), 66.0%; small for gestational age (SGA), 29.7%; and Turner syndrome (TS), 4.3%. Male gender was predominant in most growth disorders.
Although there is no cure for Turner syndrome, some treatments can help minimize its symptoms. These include: 1.Human Growth Hormone 2.Estrogen Replacement Therapy (ERT) Regular health checks and access to a wide variety of specialists are important to care for the various health problems that can result from Turner syndrome. These include ear infections, high blood pressure, and thyroid problems.
Much of this research is conducted by the NICHD's Section on Women's Health within its Division of Intramural Research (DIR). Section research has shown that malformations of cardiac veins are more common than originally thought, occurring in more than 20% of women with Turner syndrome. Research also discovered a new abnormality of the aorta, common in up to half of women with Turner syndrome.