Dysphagia is a condition in which disruption of the swallowing process interferes with a patient’s ability to eat. It can result in aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, weight loss, and airway obstruction
Signs and symptoms associated with dysphagia may include: • Having pain while swallowing (odynophagia) • Being unable to swallow • Having the sensation of food getting stuck in your throat or chest or behind your breastbone (sternum) • Drooling • Being hoarse • Bringing food back up (regurgitation)
Treatment for dysphagia depends on the type or cause of the swallowing disorder. Oropharyngeal dysphagia For oropharyngeal dysphagia, your doctor may refer you to a speech or swallowing therapist, and therapy may include: • Exercises. Certain exercises may help coordinate your swallowing muscles or restimulate the nerves that trigger the swallowing reflex.