Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a rare medical condition. Patients with FMD have abnormal cellular growth in the walls of their medium and large arteries. FMD is an angiopathy that affects medium-sized arteries predominantly in young women of childbearing age. Most cases of FMD affect the carotid and renal arteries.
The most common sign of renal artery FMD is high blood pressure. If FMD involves the arteries of the arms or legs, patients can experience pain with exertion that is relieved by rest, also known as claudication. Statistics: Fibromuscular dysplasia is most common in women between the ages of 40 of and 60, but the condition can also occur in children and the elderly.
Fibromuscular dysplasia can cause a number of complications, such as high blood pressure or tears of the artery (dissection), if left untreated. The cause of FMD is not yet known, but several theories have been suggested. A