Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine bends to the side abnormally; either to the right or left. The curvature can be moderate to severe. Any part of the spine can be bent in scoliosis; but the most common regions are the chest area (thoracic scoliosis) or the lower part of the back (lumbar scoliosis). Suspected causes of scoliosis include connective tissue disorders, muscle disorders, hormonal imbalance and abnormality of the nervous system. Spinal cord and brainstem abnormalities may also contribute to scoliosis. The condition can also be hereditary.
Diagnosis: Scoliosis most typically occurs in individuals 10 to 18 years, old detected by Curvature of the spine, uneven shoulders, or protrusion of one shoulder blade, Asymmetry of the waistline and one hip higher than the other. The diagnosis of scoliosis and the determination of the type of scoliosis made by a careful bone exam and an X-ray to evaluate the magnitude of the curve. When scoliosis is suspected, weight-bearing full-spine AP/coronal and lateral/sagittal X-rays are taken to assess the scoliosis curves. Full-length standing spine X-rays are the standard method for evaluating the severity and progression of the scoliosis and whether it is congenital or idiopathic in nature.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 7,450,867 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 22,352.