BPPV is a mechanical problem in the inner ear. It occurs when some of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are normally embedded in gel in the utricle become dislodged and migrate into one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semicircular canals, where they are not supposed to be.
The signs and symptoms: Dizziness, A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo), A loss of balance or unsteadiness, Nausea, Vomiting. May treat you with a series of movements known as the canalith repositioning procedure, Surgical treatment.
BPPV is common. A German study suggests a lifetime prevalence of 2.4%, and previous year prevalence of 1.6%.BPPV can affect people of any age, but commonly presents at around 50 years of age. Younger people may develop BPPV as a consequence of head trauma. Women are affected twice as often as men.
Treatment options include watchful waiting, vestibulosuppressant medication, vestibular rehabilitation, canalith repositioning, and surgery.