Trachoma is an infection of the eyes that may result in blindness after repeated re-infections. It is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness and occurs where people live in overcrowded conditions with limited access to water and health care.Trachoma affects the eyelids and conjunctiva (outside covering) of the eye, usually with very little discomfort until later in the disease. When infected, the conjunctival covering of the eye becomes red and irritated (inflamed). The lids become scarred and the lid margins may turn in, causing eye irritation and pain.
In the UK about 2,578 cases of Trachoma are reported in humans each year. Almost 15% of the UK population is infected with Trachoma an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.In the early stages of trachoma, treatment with antibiotics alone may be enough to eliminate the infection. Your doctor may prescribe tetracycline eye ointment or oral azithromycin (Zithromax). Azithromycin appears to be more effective than tetracycline, but it's more expensive.