Non-melanoma skin cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in cells of the skin. Malignant means that it can spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. Non melanoma skin cancer includes 2 main types: basal cell skin cancer and squamous cell skin cancer. They are named after the types of skin cells from which the cancers develop. It is possible for a non-melanoma skin cancer to be a mixture of both these types Researchers estimate that 5.4 million cases of non-melanoma skin cancer, including basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, were diagnosed in 3.3 million people in the United States in 2012. A 2005 study found that basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are increasing in men and women under 40. In the study, basal cell carcinoma increased faster in young women than in young men.
Doctors and scientists are always looking for better ways to care for people with skin cancer. To make scientific advances, doctors create research studies involving volunteers, called clinical trials. In fact, every drug that is now approved by the FDA was previously tested in clinical trials. The main treatment options are: Mohs micrographic surgery, Excision, Radiation therapy, Curettage and electrosurgery, Cryosurgery