Optic neuritis occurs due to inflammation of the optic nerve, which is also termed as papillitis (when the head of the optic nerve is involved) and retrobulbar neuritis (when the posterior of the nerve is involved). It may be caused due to many different conditions, ultimately it may lead to complete or partial loss of vision. The most common cause is due to multiple sclerosis. The overall prevalence rate of optic neuritis was found to be 26.1/105, 27.8/105 in women and 24.8/105 in men.
Treatment usually includes steroid medications such as Orason, Deltason, Prednison, Methylprednisolone or others which can speed up the persons vision recovery time. While The primary aim is to develop a framework for evaluating interventions in ON and in order to assess their ability to restore normal tissue, restore optimal neurological function, re-establish normal physiology.