Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among people who are old.Bones that commonly break include the back bones, the bones of the forearm, and the hip.Until a broken bone occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. Chronic pain and a decreased ability to carry out normal activities may occur following a broken bone.
Each year, 1.5 million fractures are attributed to osteoporosis, including 350,000 hip fractures.3,4,10 Seventy percent of those suffering fractures from osteoporosis do not return to their pre-injury status. The acute and long-term medical care expenses associated with these fractures cost the nation an estimated $17 billion in 2005.9 The cumulative cost over the next two decades is estimated to be $474 billion.Treatment for osteoporosis will depend upon the results of bone density scans, age, gender, medical history and the severity of the condition. Treatment most commonly involves lifestyle changes and medications and aims to maximise bone density and reduce the risk of bone fracture