The safe operation of nuclear facilities is of the utmost importance: it not only ensures the protection of personnel, population and the environment, but also promotes the long-term operation of facilities. During the operation of its nuclear facilities, the operator must continuously seek safety improvements. This means that it is mandatory to maintain a level of safety that is at least equal to that originally intended for the design of the installations and which - if any - has since been increased by the safety improvements already made .
A well-designed, regularly monitored and properly maintained technical installation ensures long-term use, safe for the safety of the user and the environment. The level of nuclear safety and its continuous reinforcement are subject to permanent control by the accredited body (OA) and the Federal Nuclear Control Agency (AFCN). In addition to these ongoing efforts for safer operation and continuous improvement, an overall assessment of safety must be carried out periodically. It is called "Periodic Safety Assessment" or EPS. PSE is an obligation imposed on the operator through his authorization. The results of this overall safety assessment are described in a report subsequently submitted to the AFCN.
This report describes the (possible) improvements that will be made to the facility and operating documents, as well as the timetable for their implementation. These improvements are not urgent but are likely to raise the level of safety, in relation to international standards and practices, and thus justify the continued safe operation of the installation concerned. The Agency has been fully operational since 1 September 2001. On that date, the Royal Decree of 20 July 2001 on the General Regulations for the protection of the population, workers and the environment came into force. Danger of ionizing radiation. This decree makes effective the implementation of the law of 15 April 1994 and specifies the essential conditions and procedures for the execution of the Agency's tasks.
It comprises most of the Belgian regulations on the protection of the population and the environment against the danger of ionizing radiation. This ensures the transposition of all the European directives on radiation protection and in particular the 1996 and 1997 Directives which considerably strengthen the standards of protection of the population, workers and the environment, and in particular the protection of patients in The framework of medical exposures.