is a private womens university in Seoul, South Korea founded in 1886 by the AmericanMethodist Episcopal Church. It is the worlds largest female educational institute and has been one of the most prestigious top universities in the country since its founding in 1886. While the lack of an apostrophe in "Womans University" is unconventional, the use of "Womans" rather than "Womens" was normal in the past. Τhe use of "Womans" carries special meaning. The early founders of the college thought that every woman is to be respected; to promote this idea, they chose the word "woman" to avoid lumping students together under the word "women. Ewha Womans University traces its roots back to Mary F. Scrantons Ehwa Haktang Mission school for girls, which opened with one student on May 31, 1886 (Lee, 2001). The name Ewha, which means “Pear Blossoms”, was bestowed by the Emperor Gojong the following year. The campus was covered with them, and historians speculate that a grove of pear trees near Scranton homes inspired the name. The image of the pear blossom is incorporated in the schools logo. The school began providing college courses in 1910, and professional courses for women in 1925. Immediately following liberation of Korea on August 15, 1945, the college received government permission to become a university. It was the first South Korean university to be officially organized. Collaborations The university collaborates with around 830 partners in 64 countries including Australian National University, Cornell University, Freie University of Berlin, Ghent University, Harvard University, Indiana University, King’s College London, Nanyang Technological University, Peking University, University of California, Irvine, University of British Columbia, University of Edinburgh, University of Hong Kong, Uppsala University, and Waseda Universit Achievements • Among the women lawmakers appointed to the 19th National Assembly (2012-2016), 27.6% are Ewha alumnae. • The only Korean university participating as a partner in the Harvard College in Asia Program (HCAP) and Ewha-Harvard Summer School Program. • Produced the 6th highest number of successful candidates in National Judicial Exam and the 7th highest number in Civil Service Exam in 2013(ranked 5th in 2012). • First among all private Korean universities in the number of citations per research paper in the 2012 Chosun-QS Evaluation of Asian Universities. Awards • First in the 2013 Leiden Ranking, a qualitative assessment of faculty research in the world’s top 500 universities. •Fifth among all Korean universities in the Chosun-QS Evaluation of Asian Universities. • First in the nation in Education, Engineering, English Language & Literature, Environmental Engineering, History, Law, Mathematics, Nutritional Science & Food Management, Physics and Sociology.