About university The Observatori de l’Ebre (OE) is a Research Institute founded by the Society of Jesus in 1904 to study Sun-Earth relationships. Over the years it has excelled in the study of earth currents, atmospheric electricity, seismology, solar and geomagnetic activity, and the terrestrial Ionosphere, and continues to do so today in the latter two fields. The fact of being constantly up-to-date regarding those scientific disciplines has led to unique innovations on a world-wide scale, and also resulted in the pioneering introduction of different geophysical techniques and studies in Spain. In addition to this aspect, the continuity and reliability of its observations, with more than a hundred years of history, mean its magnetic, ionospheric, seismic, meteorological and solar records have an incalculable scientific value. As examples, it can be pointed out that the observatory’s seismic and ionospheric records are the most extensive of their kind in Spain, and that the meteorological records go all the way back to 1880. The OE is governed by a Non Profit Foundation. At present it forms part of the Ramon Llull University (URL) as a University Institute and it is also linked to the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) through a Collaboration Agreement. Within this Agreement, the OE is a Coordinated Centre of the CSIC. It has been associated or co-ordinated with this Council since its founding. It has also maintained a close collaboration with the National Institute of Meteorology (INM) ever since 1920 (now known as Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, AEMET), and subsequently with other Agencies such as the National Institute of Aero-spatial Technique (INTA), and the Cartographic Institute of Catalonia (ICC). The Board of Trustees that governs the Foundation is composed of eleven Institutions: the National Geographic Institute (IGN), and three Departments of the Catalan Government - namely the Dept. of Environment; the Dept. of Innovation, Universities and Enterprise; and the Dept. of Territorial Policy and Public Works. Completing the Board’s composition are the County Council of Tarragona, Town Council of Roquetes, Town Council of Tortosa, the already mentioned CSIC, AEMET, URL, and the Society of Jesus. Academics Scientific quality through publications. We encourage paper publications in indexed journals as a measure of contrast. Transversal and multidisciplinary. Exploit the possibilities of interdisciplinary knowledge included in the program. Internationalization. Thanks to the international contacts of the different research groups, we encourage PhD students to stay in foreign centers for some time. Statistics The Ebro Observatory is a research institute founded in 1904 to study de Sun-Earth relationship. Over the years it has highlighted in the study of Geomagnesitm, Seismology and Physics of the Ionosphere, and more recently in Hydrology and Climate Change. Its location and gardens have made the Observatory a unique space with a century-old history and a historical and scientific legacy of incalculable value. If you want to come and visit the Observatory we propose you various activities; from traditional tours where you can enjoy of a privileged place while explore the various pavilions of the Observatory, its instruments and research. or outreach activities such as treasure hunts for children, astronomical observations, courses, etc. If you are a school we have different activities for you to discover the Observatory. We offer you guided tours, workshops and lectures from primary to secondary school. By now, our activities are performed in Catalan or Spanish; so we recommend you to visit de Spanish version of our activities. Sorry for the inconvenience. Top researches Our research is divided into two lines, one of geomagnetism and aeronomy and other of hydrology and climate change.On behalf of the first line, we study, analyze and measure the variability of the Earth's magnetic field and ionosphere, both at global and local levels. This research has a long tradition in our center, and whitin its complexity, is unique in Spain and internationally competitive. On behalf of the second line, we mainly study the impacts of climate change onthe mainland hydrological cycle, especially in the area of the Ebro basin. This is a newly created line that aims to help to answer questions that society, both globally and within the Terres de l'Ebre, poses in relation to water resources. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy The research activity of the group of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy embraces the monitoring and analysis of the variability of the Earth’s ionosphere and geomagnetic field. This research activity is comprised of the following subjects: The investigation of the variability of the Earth’s ionosphere caused by solar/geomagnetic activity and meteorological effects and of the variability of the Earth’s magnetic field caused by solar activity and meteorological effects The modelling of ionospheric parameters for both research and practical applications The regional modelling of the main geomagnetic field and of its secular variation over Europe and Antarctic regions, with extensions to archaeomagnetic applications, The development of models for geomagnetic variations of external/solar origin We carry out topics of research that are unique in Spain and competitive at an international level. Moreover, we manage the observatory’s research infrastructure, which enables us to develop specific research based on the deep knowledge of the geophysical variables checked daily and provides value added data and products for other teams. Hydrology and Climate change The subline of climate change (atmospheric and hydrological studies) began its activities in October 2008 and, therefore, is emerging at the Ebro Observatory. Our research is centered in the study of the continental hydrological cycle in Mediterranean regions. Our research lays between three scientific communities: the community that studies the observations (meteorological and hydrological), the community that studies and simulates the climate at both global and regional (continent) scales and, finally, the community that studies the impact of climate changes on systems linked to the water cycle, for example, aquatic ecosystems or agricultural systems.The aim of our research is to create knowledge and tools that allow us to better understand the water cycle on the continental surfaces, and also allowing us to use transfer information generated by climate simulations of the global and/or regional climate system to studies at the local or basin scales.