Paracrine signaling is a form of cell-cell communication in which a cell produces a signal to induce changes in nearby cells, altering the behavior or differentiation of those cells. Signaling molecules known as paracrine factors diffuse over a relatively short distance (local action), as opposed to endocrine factors (hormones which travel considerably longer distances via the circulatory system), juxtacrine interactions, and autocrine signaling. Cells that produce paracrine factors secrete them into the immediate extracellular environment. Factors then travel to nearby cells in which the gradient of factor received determines the outcome.
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Journal of Autacoids and Hormones, Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy, Autism-Open Access, Brain Disorders & Therapy, Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy, Archives of Medicine, Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Journal of Surgery [Jurnalul de Chirurgie], Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access,Human Brain Mapping , Sleep Medicine Reviews, Pain, JAMA Neurology, Molecular Neurodegeneration, Brain Research Reviews, Epilepsy and Behavior, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, BMC Neurology, Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.