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Racemic epinephrine is a racemic mixture of epinephrine and is a sympathomimetic bronchodilator that is delivered by aerosol. Commonly used in croup (laryngotracheobronchitis) and when stridor is present after removal of an endotracheal tube (extubation). Racemic epinephrine prepared for aerosolization is equivalent to a 1:100 dose of epinephrine. The term racemic epinephrine refers to a mixture of 50 % each of the dextro-rotatory and levo-rotatory isomers. The l-isomer [(R)-epinephrine] is present in the adrenal glands of animals and humans and is produced commercially by extraction from animal glands or by separation of the d- and l-isomers in the synthetic preparation.
Journal of Autacoids and Hormones, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Metabolomics: Open Access, Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Epidemiology: Open Access, Enzyme Engineering, Journal of Cell Signaling, Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science, Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology, Indian Journal of Endocrinol Metabolism, Hormones and Behavior, Hormonal Studies, Journal of Hormones, Hormones and Cancer, Endocrinology, Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, Journal of Hormones, Hormones and Behavior.