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Abstracts from Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis
Immunologic reactions to protamine sulphate during cardiac surgery are very rare. The frequency and outcome of such adverse reaction is unclear. Clotting of distal anastomosis sites and proximal site (in aorta) is very rare. We report a case of unusual life-threatening reaction to protamine that occurred in a non-diabetic patien.. Read More
Aim: To evaluate the relationship of abnormal Liver Function Tests (LFTs) to outcomes in patients with heart failure due to reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) at the time of diagnosis in the heart failure clinic. Methods: We undertook a retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with HFREF in the heart failure outpatient cl.. Read More
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, increasing in prevalence with age. AFib is often associated with structural heart disease and a substantial proportion of AFib patients lead to the significant morbidity, mortality, and cost. Thus, AFib is the most prevalent and costly health problems in the world.. Read More
Hydatid disease is one of the most important and widespread parasitic infection that cause significant health problem in undeveloped and developing countries. There main subtypes Echinococcus granulosus, E multilocularis, and E vogeli which can cause cystic echinococcosis in humans as intermediated host. The most common organ in.. Read More
How each Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) genotype modulates the magnitude of the effect of each coronary risk factor.
Background: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is based on atherosclerosis, which is a multifactorial-multigenic disease. This study investigated when interacting with them in the genesis of this pathology.
Meth.. Read More
Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is one of the leading causes of acquired heart diseases and specifically of symptomatic heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension. In the clinical course of HIV infection, CD4 + count decreases with disease progression and it has been considered to be correlated wi.. Read More
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a congenital anomaly that affects approximately 3 per million live-births. Adult presentation of complete aortic interruption is extremely rare. Surgical repair of IAA is the mainstay of treatment, however beneficial effects of intervention in the adult population are still debated. Late comp.. Read More
Introduction: Rheumatic heart diseases are redoubtable complication of acute articular rheumatic. Without treatment, pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure may occur. This pulmonary hypertension was admitted as predictor of worse outcome after surgery. The aim of our study is to value the results after mitral surgery in .. Read More
Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is a rare, yet lethal, complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), occurring in approximately 2% of cases. In the era of percutaneous coronary intervention, however, it is less frequently encountered.
We were confronted with a case of AMI complicated with LVFWR after receiving.. Read More
Considering to pathogenetic mechanisms of MI a few classical biomarkers have been used for diagnosis of MI or acute coronary syndrome. Lately novel markers have been identified to provide diagnostic and prognostic information and outcome of MI or acute coronary syndrome. A few novel biomarkers are overviewed in this article... Read More
Background: Kearns Sayre Syndrome (KSS) is a rare mitochondrial disorder with systemic involvement characterised by skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle dysfunction; pigmentary retinal changes; neurological and endocrine dysfunction. KSS arise from a large-scale deletion of mitochondrial DNA which typically occurs as a sporadic e.. Read More
Cardiovascular symptoms are often predominant features in patients with hyperthyroidism. But cardiovascular findings in hypothyroidism are more subtle. Hypothyroidism mainly presents as lethargy, cold intolerance, constipation, proximal muscle weakness, weight gain, decreased appetite, coarse dry skin, hair loss and nonpitting e.. Read More
Multiple Pulmonary Arteriovenous Fistulas (PAVFs) are rare vascular abnormalities in the general population, with a report on 15000 autopsies revealing only 3 cases of multiple PAVFs. However, these abnormal communications between pulmonary arteries and veins are commonly seen in patients with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectas.. Read More
This report describes a rare and life threatening occurrence of right atrial tamponade secondary to massive intrapericardial clot compressing the right atrium, in a three year old child post atrial septal defect surgery... Read More
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare, auto immunological, connective tissue disease characterized by vasomotor disturbances, fibrosis and further atrophy of the skin and internal organs. There are many factors leading to immunological and vascular changes. One of the most prominent vascular symptoms is Raynaud’s phenomen.. Read More
Purpose: Tricuspid annuloplasty rings are commonly used to cinch an enlarged tricuspid annulus back to its original shape and size in patients with severe functional tricuspid regurgitation. However, the invasive operation is contraindicated for patients at risk for reoperation. Fortunately, transcatheter repair procedures, .. Read More
Aim: In the present study, we aimed to present the retrospective outcomes of the patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy under local anesthesia followed by cardiopulmonary bypass under general anesthesia during the same session.
Material and methods: 52 patients (36 male, 16 female patients; mean age was 69.0 ±.. Read More
Objective: Symptoms may be similar in patients with heart or lung disease. Thus, patients with lung disease are occasionally referred for evaluation by exercise echocardiography (ExE). We aimed to study the clinical, ExE data and outcome of patients with right ventricular (RV) dilation not explained by left ventricular (LV) he.. Read More
A 61-year-old man with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy suffered a cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). The electrocardiogram showed changes consistent with myocardial infarction only during CPA that was normalized 30 minutes after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Coronary angiography showed no significant stenosis. We suspected the ca.. Read More
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM) is characterized by transient systolic dysfunction of the apical and mid segments of the left ventricle without obstructive coronary artery disease. The precipitate causes are reported either an emotional or physically stressful event, which induces hyper-catecholamine secretion. It is ex.. Read More