|Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV) is a kind of new energy vehicle utilizing fuel cell as its principal power system. Hydrogen serves as the carrier, and the hydrogen gas is produced to replace traditional energy source through oxy-hydrogen reaction, which is conducted within the fuel cell as a new energy system. Since the electrode reaction of the fuel cell produces water only, fuel cell electric vehicle is viewed as the most ideal supplement to ICEV (Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle) in the 21st Century, characterized by its zero pollution, high efficiency, low noise, module structure and so forth.
Due to the technology breakthrough of the proton exchange membrane in the 1980s, more and more researchers and auto manufacturing industries have joined in the research and development of the fuel cell vehicles. Many auto manufacturing industries have already developed their own fuel cell vehicles, such as FCX-Clarity (Honda), B-Classic F-cell (Daimler), FCHV-adv (Toyota), Explorer (Ford) and so on. One of the challenges of a fuel cell vehicle is its lifetime, which has great influence on the commercialization of the fuel cell vehicle. Other challenges are the high price and the corresponding hydrogen infrastructures.[Luo M (2012) Challenges in the Fuel Cell Vehicle. Adv Automob Eng 2:e112]