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Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) causes a slight but noticeable and measurable decline in cognitive abilities, including memory and thinking skills. A person with MCI is at an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's or another dementia. MCI that primarily affects memory is known as "amnestic MCI." MCI that affects thinking skills other than memory is known as "nonamnestic MCI." Diagnosed by Thorough medical history, Assessment of independent function and daily activities, Assessment of mental status, Neurological examination, Evaluation of mood and laboratory tests.