There are many evidence suggest that the regular consumption of fruits and vegetables is negatively associated with risk of developing chronic diseases. A wide variety of fruits and vegetables provide a range of nutrients and different bioactive compounds including phytochemicals (phenolics, flavonoids, and carotenoids), vitamins (vitamin C, folate, and provitamin A), minerals (potassium, calcium, and magnesium), and fibers. People can obtain nutrients and bioactive compounds from a variety of foods for optimal nutrition and for good health. It interacts with the immune response which has considerable potential to reduce the cancer risk. Some Amino acids like glutamine or arginine, lipids such as the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, DHA or EPA, or novel carbohydrates such as various sources of beta-glucans are the various types of macronutrients. Vitamins such as C and E are commonly used as antioxidants, minerals like zinc and selenium has a wide spectrum of impacts on the immune system.
Related Journal on Dietary Bioactive Components
Elsevier's Nutrition Journals, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy.
Dietary Bioactive Components