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Open Access Journals
Open Access journals are a new facet to journal publishing as they provide unrestricted and permanent access to scientific publications. In addition to free access to research articles, Open Access publications also promote cross discipline fertilization by facilitating the confluence of scientific efforts from varied disciplines, that in a closed access journals are restricted and separated by conventional and discrete classifications of topic, field or discipline. In an Open Access world, all the disciplines come together and share their findings, thereby aiding the scientists to learn from the research of other disciplines. Thus, Open Access journals work for mutual benefit and promote growth and better understanding of the underlying concepts in different professions.
Open Access journals are characterized by scholarly works (romance novels, popular magazines, self-help books, and the like are excluded); efficient quality control mechanisms such as copyediting and editorial oversight, similar to conventional journals; use of digital formats; and finally making all the articles freely available. They may also allow authors to retain their copyrights, and usually use Creative Commons or similar licenses. Many Open Access journals are also open to rigorous peer review as a quality control mechanism. Even with a light peer review process there are some high quality Open Access journals like D-Lib Magazine that meet all other criteria, and still have great impact on their fields of study. Open Access journals may also be included in conventional index and abstract databases. Open Access journals are making a steady progress in creating an impact in the scientific world. Some studies on Open Access suggest continues increase in the citation gap between Open Access papers and closed access papers. Observations have been made that Open Access journals have at least three components of benefit; a citation count advantage, an end user uptake advantage, and a cross-discipline fertilization advantage.
Open Access to scholarly journal literature can be achieved by two strategies.
1) Self-Archiving is one strategy where scholars require the tools and assistance to place their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives. Self-archiving articles can be either preprints or post prints. Preprints are draft versions that have not undergone peer review or editorial review and modification. The exchange of preprints among scientific authors, prior to the internet age, was done by postal service mail, fax, FTP servers, Gopher servers, and other means. Post prints are the final published versions of articles. They can either include publisher's version of the article or an updated preprint created by the author to reflect changes made during the peer review and editorial processes.
2) Open Access journals are the second strategy that is committed to complete Open Access and used by scholars to launch their research papers for wider dissemination and unlimited access. Contrary to subscription journals, price is not a barrier to access, as these new journals will not charge subscription or access fees, and will cover their expenses by other means. Open Access journals use contracts with authors for copyright permissions and avoid violations.
In conclusion, Open Access journals will allow scientific research to go beyond the national and professional barriers and provide an opportunity for the scientific community to improve their citation impact and enhance their readability for further growth and development of science and technology. OMICS publishing group is currently managing 200 Open Access journals with quality peer review and copyediting process. OMICS Group makes every effort to keep updated with latest advances in the respective fields and papers published in its Open Access journals will reach the readers directly through email along with archived online papers that enable immediate and permanent access to individual papers.