|Neuroimaging is a relatively new science which uses various techniques to either directly or indirectly or indirectly image the structure, function or pharmacology of Nervous System. Various brain imaging techniques are Computed axial tomography, Diffuse optical imaging, Event-related optical signal, Magnetic resonance imaging etc. Neuroimaging is used to diagonize and to evaluate the treatment outcomes of various neurological, psychiatric and CNS disorders. Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected.