During the last 25 years, there have been considerable advances in the prevention, diagnosis and management of oral and maxillofacial injuries in children. When compared to adults, the pattern of fractures and frequency of associated injuries are similar but the overall incidence is much lower. Diagnosis is more difficult than in adults and fractures are easily overlooked
The local and general effects (hypotension, hypoxia, mass lesion, increased intracranial pressure, ischaemia, free radicals production) which have appeared in the organism after its impact with an aggression, reflect the intensity of the aggression and the amplitude of the organismâs response as well
SOD is an enzyme, which protects against toxic effects of oxygen metabolites. The protective effect against reduced oxygen species generated during the endothelial cell injury of various structures is attributed mainly to the gluthatione metabolism of red blood cells.
Gluthatione peroxidase is an important agent in the inflammatory process.Glutathione (GSH) is a simple tripeptide consisting of the moiety of three nonessential amino acids, L-glutamic acid, L-cysteine and glycine. It plays a key role in the regulation of many enzymatic reactions, participating in several detoxification reactions. Its reduced form represents approximately 90% of total GSH in plasma andexerts its protective role in the metabolism of several toxic agents. Oxidative stress markers in maxillofacial trauma: Gabriela Lilios, Ninela RÃ£dulescu, CÃ£tÃ£lina Florea, Nicolae Ceamitru, Cecilia Adumitresi, Ileana Ion, Ramona Caracostea
Last date updated on June, 2014