Anaplastology is a branch of medicine dealing with the prosthetic rehabilitation of an absent, disfigured or malformed anatomically critical location of the face or body. This term was coined by Walter. G. Spohn. An anaplastologist (also known as a maxillofacial prosthetist is an individual who has the knowledge and skill set to provide the service of customizing a facial or somato prosthesis.
Defects in the craniofacial region mostly lead to severe depression that often requires rehabilitation. Prostheses are artificial devices which may be implanted or attached to the body to replace an organ or body part that might be congenitally missing or might have been lost due to disease or trauma. Prostheses that replace soft tissues are known as epithesis. Prosthetic reconstruction of a defect is complex and it depends on a factor such as size, site, etiology, severity, age, patient satisfaction and cost factor as well. In relation to external face or body part it may be prostheses for an eye, ear, nose, teeth or limbs. They are an illusion created to improve the standard of living of the patient. It has to be kept in mind that these tissues are not living tissues and that they cannot function as a normal organ. For restoration of an anopthalmic defect an ocular prostheses is made which helps the patient to cope up with the loss of the organ. A Review on Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Maxillofacial Region: Karthikeyan I
Last date updated on June, 2014