| Historically, much progress in plastic surgery techniques for burn and trauma management have been during intensive war periods. Now it is known that many supplementary issues need to be addressed before tissue reconstruction including management of pain, nutrition, infection, and physiological function. The latter needs to be managed by topical biological cover in large surface tissue damage to avoid fluid loss. Once available through National Tissue Banks, cadaver skin used in the life-saving treatments of burn patients is now difficult to access. The first wide use of allogenic cadaver skin was in World War II. Alternative sources from humans and animals that are conserved frozen or in glycerol are used routinely. Conservation techniques using frozen tissues can be appropriate for civilian use but could be more difficult for military due to availability of freezers on-site. Alternative sources of organs and tissues with their specific conservation, along with the development of modern regenerative medicine techniques, could help assure quality and security for the patient. The possible role of stem cells in military medicine has been highly funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD) through the Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine (AFIRM) program in past. The recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have increased the intensity of medical research in the military and new DOD proposal calls will certainly open many new avenues for cellular therapy.
Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.