|Neuroanesthesia is necessary for the neurosurgical patients with the anaesthetic management, based upon the understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of the central nervous system (CNS) and the effect of anaesthetic agents on the CNS. A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.