Meeting livestock nutritional requirements is extremely important in maintaining acceptable performance of neonatal, growing, finishing and breeding animals. From a practical standpoint, an optimal nutritional program should ensure adequate intakes of amino acids (both traditionally classified essential and nonessential), carbohydrates, fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins by animals through a supplementation program that corrects deficiencies in basal diets (e.g., corn- and soybean meal-based diets for swine; milk replacers for calves and lambs; and available forage for ruminants). Additionally, dietary supplementation with certain nutrients (e.g., arginine, glutamine, zinc, and conjugated linoleic acid) can regulate gene expression and key metabolic pathways to improve fertility, pregnancy outcome, immune function, neonatal survival and growth, feed efficiency, and meat quality. Overall, the proper balance of protein, energy, vitamins and all nutritionally important minerals in diets is needed to make a successful nutrition program that is both productive and economical. Both fundamental and applied research is required to meet this goal. OMICS Group International is one of the leading Open Access Publishers which is publishing 700+ peer-reviewed journals. Each and every article undergoes a peer-review process to assess the quality of the article. Generally, these publications appreciate articles those that are accessible even to those people who are not specialist in the field but are interested in those research topic. These journals are periodical publications that are intended to share the progress of science. OMICS Group International is one of the leading Open Access Publishers which is publishing 700+ peer-reviewed journals.
Last date updated on September, 2020