"B. anthracis is found worldwide, mainly existing in the soil in the form of resistant spores. Anthrax is most prevalent among cattle, sheep, horses and goats. Infected animals may bleed from the nose, mouth and bowel, contaminating soil or water with B. anthracis that can subsequently form spores and persist in the environment. Agricultural outbreaks are most likely to occur when the soil pH not overly acidic and rich in organic matter and when conditions for multiplication are favorable. Changes in the soil microenvironment such as drought or rainfall enhance sporulation .Animals contract the disease while grazing and the majority of naturally occurring human cases of anthrax are due to either agricultural or industrial exposure. There have been no reports indicating direct human-to-human transmission. (Anthrax Bioterrorism: Prevention, Diagnosis and Management Strategies: Fowler RA, et al)
Open Access journals are the major source of knowledge for young and aspiring generations who are keen in pursuing their careers in science. This system provides easy access to networks of scientific journals. Authors who contribute their scholarly works to Open Access journals gain remarkable reputation as the research scholars explore these works extensively. This process assures considerable impact factor for the journal and good reputation to the authors that add value to their Academic Performance Index (API) Score. Because of the free access open access journals impact factors are improving.one such open access is OMICS Group International which supports this system and provides access to 700+ peer-reviewed journals.
Last date updated on June, 2014