|Marine bioprospecting is the developing and targeted, systematic search for components, bioactive compounds and genetic products in marine organisms with the intent of producing these commercially for the benefit of society. The marine organisms collected for analysis include microorganisms, algae, plants and animals, they may be collected from the marine environment, petroleum reservoirs.
The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years.