Paternalism means interference of one person or a state with another person, against their will, and motivated by a claim that the person interfered with will be safe or protected from harm. Paternalism involves a conflict of two essential values: the value we place regarding freedom of persons to make their own choices about leading their lives, and the value we place regarding protecting the well-being of others.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
Last date updated on January, 2021