Screening, in surgery, is a scheme utilised in a community to identify an unrecognised infection in persons without signs or symptoms. This can include persons with pre-symptomatic or unrecognised symptomatic infection. As such, screening checks are rather exclusive in that they are presented on individuals apparently in good wellbeing. Screening interventions are conceived to recognise infection in a community early, therefore endowing earlier intervention and management in the wish to decrease death and pain from a infection. Whereas screening may lead to a previous diagnosis, not all screening tests have been shown to advantage the individual being screened; overdiagnosis, misdiagnosis, and conceiving a untrue sense of security are some potential adverse consequences of screening. For these reasons, a check used in a screening program, particularly for a disease with low incidence, must have good sensitivity in supplement to agreeable specificity. Types of screening are: Mass screening: Mass screening means, the screening of a entire community or a subgroup. It is suggested to all, irrespective of the risk rank of the individual. High risk or selective screening : High risk screening is undertook among risk populations only. Multiphasic screening : It is the submission of two or more screening checks to a large community at one time rather than of carrying out distinct screening checks for lone infections.
Last date updated on July, 2014