Amenorrhea can occur after spinal cord injury (SCI) due to temporary cessation of ovarian cycles. All women with SCI who were referred to Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center (BASIR) and did not meet our exclusion criteria entered the study. Data were collected during 3 years from 2009-2012. Direct face to face interviews were performed to obtain required data. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 18. Total of 121 women with SCI entered the study. Forty six patients (38%) reported to have amenorrhea with mean amenorrhea duration of 4.33 ± 5.0 months. Amenorrhea was transient in all women. There was no significant association between patients’ age and post injury duration and occurrence of amenorrhea (P: 0.45 and 0.85, respectively). Five women (4.1%) had history of abortion before injury and none of them reported amenorrhea after injury. Seven women became pregnant after injury and two of them underwent induced abortion. Moreover injury level did not reveal any effect on amenorrhea incidence (P: 67). Amenorrhea after SCI is mostly temporary and its incidence in Iranian women with SCI is 38%. Injury level, age and post injury duration did not influence amenorrhea incidence. Our study shows the poor contraception application in these women which insists on better education to reduce the prevalence of unwanted pregnancies in this sensitive population.
Citation: Rahdari F, Khoi EM, Latifi S, Matin M, Hajiaghababaei M, et al., (2014) Prevalence of Amenorrhea and Abortion in Spinal Cord Injured Women in Iran. J Womens Health, Issues Care 3:2.