alexa Side effects of Antibiotics

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Side effects of Antibiotics

Antibiotics are a group of medicines that are used to treat infections caused by germs (bacteria and certain parasites). They do not work against infections that are caused by viruses - for example, the common cold or flu.

Antibiotics are normally only prescribed for more serious bacterial infections - for example, pneumonia. When prescribed, it is important to take the entire course of antibiotics which helps to prevent resistance developing to that antibiotic.

Side Effects:

It is important to take antibiotics in the correct way. If you do not, this may reduce how well they work. For example, some antibiotics need to be taken with food and others should be taken on an empty stomach. If you do not take your antibiotics in the right way it will affect how much of them get into your body (their absorption) and therefore they may not work as well.

Below is a list of the most common side-effects of antibiotics:

  • Diarrhea - researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine found that a rise in sugars in the gut following antibiotic treatment allows harmful bacteria to get a foothold and cause infection. Harmful bacteria thrive on sugar.
  • Feeling and being sick.
  • Fungal infections of the mouth, digestive tract and vagina.

Below is a list of rare side-effects of antibiotics:

  • Formation of kidney stones (when taking sulphonamides).
  • Abnormal blood clotting (when taking some cephalosporins).
  • Sensitivity to sun (when taking tetracyclines). Blood disorders (when taking trimethoprim).
  • Deafness (when taking erythromycin and the aminoglycosides).
     

Overusing antibiotics :

There is concern worldwide that antibiotics are being overused. Antibiotic overuse is one of the factors that contributes towards the growing number of bacterial infections which are becoming resistant to antibacterial medications.

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