Small-scale fisheries abound in the tropics. They are often scattered alongside shorelines in small villages. These villages often have livelihoods based upon natural resources, such as plants, fish and other animals. Small-scale fisheries are the core of many livelihoods in coastal areas of developing countries. About forty years ago, many anthropologists, cultural ecologists and human ecologists aware of this association of development and change, reunited in a classic book by Smith , analysis of change within cultural-ecological-economic contexts of small-scale fisheries; examples are Blake on fishermen from Madras, Bay of Bengal, Starr on Lebanese fishermen, Christensen and Breton on Venezuela, among others.