Arthropod-borne diseases are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the resource-constrained tropical and subtropical countries. Particularly the devastating nature of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is indubitably intolerable. The recent WHO Malaria Report 2011 estimated that 3.3 billion people were at the risk of malaria in 2010, and of all geographical regions, populations living in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have the highest risk of acquiring malaria; among 216 million episodes of malaria in 2010, of which approximately 81%, or 174 million cases, were observed from the African Region. There were an estimated 655,000 of malaria deaths in 2010, of which 91% were from Africa.
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