There is an unprecedented increase in the infectious, cancer, neurological and heredity diseases in humans worldwide. Food and energy scarcity are also a major concern. India is the second-most populous country with over 1.25 billion peoples in the world. Large number of Indian population do not have access to sufficient quantity of quality food, nutrients, drugs, vaccines, clean water â€“ to name a few. Indian scientists are trying to tackle these challenges. However, simple conventional technologies are not sufficient to find solutions to these problems and a more modern approach is required.