alexa Testing for Tuberculosis in BCG-Vaccinated People

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Testing for Tuberculosis in BCG-Vaccinated People

People who were previously vaccinated with BCG may receive a TB skin test to test for TB infection. Vaccination with BCG may cause a positive reaction to a TB skin test. A positive reaction to a TB skin test may be due to the BCG vaccine itself or due to infection with TB bacteria. A positive reaction to a TB skin test probably means you have been infected with TB bacteria if You recently spent time with a person who has TB disease; or You are from an area of the world where TB disease is very common (such as most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Russia); or You spend time where TB disease is common (such as homeless shelters, migrant farm camps, drug-treatment centers, health care clinics, jails, or prisons). TB blood tests (IGRAs), unlike the TB skin test, are not affected by prior BCG vaccination and are not expected to give a false-positive result in people who have received BCG. For children under the age of five, the TB skin test is preferred over TB blood tests. A positive TB skin test or TB blood test only tells that a person has been infected with TB bacteria. It does not tell whether the person has latent TB infection or has progressed to TB disease. Other tests, such as a chest x-ray and a sample of sputum, are needed to see whether the person has TB disease.

 
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