Prashant Katiyar, Shailendra Kumar Srivastava and Vinod Kumar Tyagi explained that Biofuels derived from lignocellulose biomass are alternative options replacing fossil fuels in near future. Lignocellulose biomass consists of lignin, cellulose and hemicelluloses.
These three elements form a complex network in lignocellulose biomass which is difficult to break by following traditional methods because of lignin. Pretreatment technologies makes possible to degrade the main barrier ie lignin.
The possible pretreatment approaches are: organic solvent-water mixture, natural dyes, nanocatalyst, Ionic Liquids (ILs) treatments and combinational culture of bacterial strains i.e. Bacillus and Geobacillus species efficently produces biofuel via transesterification. Currently, the production of biofuels across the world has increased especially in U.S, India and other European countries. On account of following reasons: ecofriendly residues, less expensive and natural lubricant makes biofuels are better fuel for future generation. Furthermore, some important key policy actions have been discussed in article. (Full-Article)