Over the last several decades, the ideas of both stem cell research and cloning have received significantly more attention than ever before.A stem cell is a cell that is found in any organism that is multicellular. In essence, just about every living thing contains stem cells including plant life. These types of cells can be divided and then regenerated in order to create more cells, which can be fused together. The process of cloning occurs when a living organism reproduces itself asexually, or through the absence of sexual acts. The process of both cloning and stem cell research has provided medical doctors with new hope for those suffering from injuries and other medical issues. Bone marrow transplants can be done with ease through the use of stem cells. People suffering from spinal cord injuries have also been known to benefit from the use of stem cells in order to help them re-grow the spine. It has also been known to help people with eye problems such as macular degeneration. Cloning allows researchers to create new cells and then extract the stem cells from them, without harming any living organisms. Proponents of cloning and stem cell research feel that it is a new and effective advancement in the ability to cure a number of diseases and injuries.