The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB) is an international treaty governing the transboundary movement, transit, handling and use of living modified organisms (LMOs). It was adopted as a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and entered into force on 11 September 2003. The protocol aims to ensure an adequate level of protection from potential adverse effects of LMOs on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It establishes an advance informed agreement (AIA) procedure before transboundary movement of LMOs, including a scientific risk assessment. There are now 168 Parties to this Protocol.
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