alexa Cardiovascular diseases are more documented in HIV patients

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Cardiovascular diseases are more documented in HIV patients

Cardiovascular disease has been well documented in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection, especially after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. At present, HIV infection is one of the leading causes of acquired cardiovascular disease including heart failure. Some of the changes observed in these patients include left ventricular systolic dysfunction, dilated cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, myocarditis, lipodystrophy, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, accelerated atherosclerosis including myocardial infarction, prothrombotic state, pericardial effusion, pulmonary hypertension, autonomic dysfunction, and malignancy. As longevity increases in HIV-infected individuals after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy regimens, long-term effects of cardiovascular diseases are also increasing.

 
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