Apart from normal or mesophilic environment, organisms are found in extreme of salinity, and other hostile environments in the earth. Extreme halophiles thrive as pure culture in their natural environments of saturated salt as other microbes can’t venture to grow. Over the evolution, these microorganism grew up with specialized transport-devices to solve the problem of osmoregulation. As a consequence whole of their biochemical machinery started functioning in this highly saline brine situation that mesophile cannot withstand. Intensive researches are thus carried out over the last fifty years to understand salt dependent properties of these proteins and enzymes. Ferredoxin is a small soluble protein that functions as electron carrier in decarboxylation reactions in cytoplasm in conjunction with an oxidoreductase.
Bandyopadhyay AK (2015) Stability of Halophilic Proteins in Hyper Saline Brine: [2Fe-2S] Ferredoxin as a Paradigm. Biochem Anal Biochem 4:184. doi:10.4172/2161-1009.1000184