Recent studies (since 1995) of management models in municipalities focus extensively on performance management and related measurement practices. The Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA) prescribes that performance management and measurement must be in place and evidenced within a government’s budget document for it to be considered for the Distinguished Budget Presentation Award. Explored by Alvin E. Holliman, in his doctoral dissertation, was the premise that the GFOA-prescribed criteria serve as a default management model in a majority of municipalities in the United States.
Citation: Holliman AE, Bouchard M (2015) The Use of Management by Objectives in Municipalities: Still Alive?. Review Pub Administration Manag 3: 150.