Mimosa caesalpinieaefolia Benth (Mimosaceae), native to northeastern Brazil, is a pioneer and deciduous ornamental plant. Its timber is useful as stakes, poles, firewood and charcoal. It is also used as living barrier against strong winds in restoring degraded areas and in urban regions. In addition, this plant is used as food for cattle due to its rapid growth, resistance to prolonged droughts and high protein content in its leaves. Sap-sucking insects can damage this plant including death of terminal buds, dried up and deformation of leaves, losses of apical dominance and depreciating plant quality.