Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) was originally used in patients with acute respiratory compromises or exacerbations of chronic respiratory diseases, as an alternative to the endotracheal tube. Over the last thirty years NPPV has been also used during the night in patients with stable chronic lung disease such as obstructive sleep apnea, the overlap syndrome (COPD and obstructive sleep apnea), neuromuscular disorders, obesity-hypoventilation syndrome, and in other conditions such as sleep disorders associated with congestive heart failure (Cheyne-Stokes respiration). In this review we discuss the different types of NPPV, the specific conditions in which they can be used and the indications, recommendations and evidence supporting the efficacy of NIV.
Citation: Antonello N, Paolo B, Cornelius B, Gianluca F, Agata L, et al. (2013) Non-Invasive Ventilation in the Treatment of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders: Concise Clinical Review. J Gen Pract 1:110.