Based on the current literature treatment of vertigo and dizziness was summarized depending on its origin. Attention was drawn to the most common causes of vertigo and early differential diagnosis between central and peripheral vertigo. There are three main methods of treatment for vertigo: pharmacotherapy, rehabilitation and surgical treatment. Pharmacotherapy in the treatment of vertigo has its place mainly in the acute phase of attacks. Rehabilitation is one of the most important methods of vestibular compensation support, recommended in the vertigo treatment after the resolution of acute symptoms in most cases. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo usually release after repositional maneuvers such as Epley maneuver. In some diagnoses, such as Ménière’s disease or migraine associated vertigo, appropriate diet can befavorable to preventing the attacks. Surgery is used in some cases where there is no improvement after pharmacotherapy and also in tumors, vascular and cervical spine lesions. In some patients with vertigo, treatment success depends on multidisciplinary cooperation: an otolaryngologist, a physiotherapist, an internist, a vascular surgeon, a neurosurgeon or a psychiatrist.