alexa Xanthoma in a Child

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Xanthoma in a Child

Meta Description: Although the relationship between xanthoma, hypertriglyceridemia, and diabetes may be well known in adults, in children, xanthoma is very rarely the presenting feature of diabetes of any cause.

Xanthoma is a papular skin rash, which is well-described in adult population with hyperlipidemia of primary or secondary causes like those associated with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. In children, it is a rare manifestation of hyperlipidemia of all causes, much less secondary to uncontrolled or untreated type 1 DM. Eruptive xanthoma which consists of yellow-red papules distributed mainly on the extensor surfaces of limbs, is associated with profoundly elevated serum triglyceride levels that may occur with genetic hyperlipidemia or secondary to diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, obesity, pancreatitis, nephrotic syndrome and cholestatic liver disease. Although the relationship between xanthoma, hypertriglyceridemia, and diabetes may be well known in adults, in children, xanthoma is very rarely the presenting feature of diabetes of any cause.

For more details:

https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/xanthoma-in-a-child-as-the-first-presentation-of-type-one-diabetes-mellitus-2161-0665.1000226.php?aid=33951

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