In lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells are often intrinsically resistant to certain anticancer drugs, whereas small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells can acquire resistance with continued administration of the drug. Cancer cells are intrinsically resistant to anti-cancer agents because of genetic and epigenetic heterogeneity. These cells also acquire resistance to a wide variety of chemotherapeutic drugs through alteration in absorption, metabolism and excretion of a drug. Strategies also quite often initiate cancer cells to evade cell death by expressing mechanisms of resistance known as MDR that can result from changes that limit accumulation of drugs within cells by limiting uptake, enhancing efflux, or affecting membrane lipids.
Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on September, 2014