Ceramics can be classified as inorganic non-metallic solid made up of either metal or non-metal compounds that are shaped by subjecting them to heat at high temperatures. Advanced ceramic materials were used in day to day life example fridge magnets. They play a major role in modern medicine where they are used as dental implants and bone substitutes in orthopaedic operations. Ceramic artifacts plays an important role in archaeology for understanding technology, behaviour of the people and their culture in the past.
Ceramic materials are brittle, hard, and strong in compression, weak in shearing and tension. They withstand chemical erosion that occurs in other materials subjected to acidic or caustic environments.
Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014