|Immunology is a wide branch of medical science that deals with the characteristics, components, features and diseases related to immune system for all living organisms. It is the study of chemical, physical and physiological characteristics of cells and organs of the immune system. It provides information about various mechanisms, which are used by an organism body to fight against the foreign substances. This area of science has been divided into several sub components that deliver data specifically, one of which includes Clinical immunology. As the term infers, it is a part of immunological science that precisely provides information about the diseases and disorders of immune system. It also focuses on the health related issues where immune system plays a major role.
Sometimes, immune cells or organs fail to fulfill a satisfactory response against the foreign particles in organism body. This leads to immune malfunctioning and finally to immunological diseases. While, in other cases, body own immune system attacks its cells and tissues resulting into disturbing situations. These conditions are dealt by the clinical immunologists who try to prevent their occurrence.
Various reviews on the study of immunological diseases are updated on various journals like Clinical and cellular Immunology, Immunological Biomolecules, etc. These journals also accept research articles for publication that aid in knowledge to the scientific world. The information contained in these articles greatly help the doctors to get better ways for diagnosis and treatment.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel âroadsâ towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is âself-archivingâ (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.